The Argentine-Italian Surrealist artist Leonor Fini (1907 – 1996) moved effortlessly between painting, drawing, costume design, and illustration and drew inspiration from a variety of art forms including dance, theatre and film. An early disciple of the Freudian theory of tapping the subconscious, Fini nevertheless resisted being drawn into the male-centric Surrealist movement spearheaded by André Breton and Max Ernst, in favor of her very own radical version of extreme erotic Surrealism. Shattering the taboo became the theme for both subject matter and modus vivendi. Uncanny scenes of sexual violence, bestiality, witchcraft, and ritualistic sex, rendered in sketch-like drawings or thinly layered oil paintings have strong affinities to Art Nouveau and Mannerist portraiture. The mythological imagery of the stealth-like Sphinx, with its hybridization of the female and animalistic, often provided the hook for Fini’s explorations into the deepest reaches of sexuality. Technically adept, her voyeuristic explorations into the human psyche are both tender and unsettling – they are dramatic visual expressions of what lurks behind the facade of reality. At the Museum of Sex through March 4.