The forty large-scale portraits by the German photography pioneer August Sander, currently on view at Hauser & Wirth’s smaller uptown outpost, are a brilliant time warp into an era before the commodification of images and the narcissistic self-presentation of our selfie-culture. In the early 1920s Sander embarked on his monumental, and now iconic, lifelong project “Menschen des 20. Jahrhunderts” (People of the Twentieth Century) aiming to document German citizens according to social class and occupation. Sander’s inclusion of non-Aryans and other marginal groups of people eventually led to a run-in with the Nazi regime who confiscated and destroyed the first version and all plates of his book “Antlitz der Zeit” (Faces of our Time). Nevertheless, Sanders persevered. Some 1,800 negatives survived and proved hugely influential for countless later photographers including Diane Arbus, Walker Adams or Bernd und Hilla Becher. The show’s best images are part of a series of portraits of simple farm workers from his native Westerwald, one of the first group of people who came in front of his unflinching lens. Sander’s enduring gift was to coax the individual character and humanity out of each subject within the strict confinements and settings of a larger group but with the encouragement of presenting themselves as their ideal self. The result is an earnest attempt in objectivity, sympathy and humanity. At Hauser & Wirth through June 17.

Gladtone’s uptown gallery is currently showing a series of important work by the Italian Post-War artist Mimmo Rotella from the early 1950’s through the early 1960s. The body of work that Rotella produced during this period was largely inspired by the barrage of movie and advertising posters that started to pop up all over the artist’s adopted city of Rome, and is divided into two distinct methodologies: Rotella’s “Décollages” are reverse collages where instead of adding elements, it starts with billboard announcements where the material is methodically stripped away to unmask a new relationship between text and consumer goods. In contrast, the artist’s “Retro D’Affiches”, moves the action to the back of the posters by adding the Arte Provera materials of glue and rust. Rotella’s visionary experimentation with advertising posters proved hugely influential on the burgeoning pop art movement in Europe and America and its related emphasis on language and text. At Gladstone through June 17.

Moma dug deep into their archives and uncovered an exquisite collection of works by women artists that were making feminist statements long before the bra-burning demos of the 1960’s. “Making Space: Women Artists and Postwar Abstraction” brings together fifty international women artists who worked in an astonishing range of media in the years right after World War II, asserting their rightful place as artists and paving the way for many of the Feminist breakthroughs that we take for granted today. Poverty, trauma, religious straightjackets and female sexuality were some of the critical issues that plagued many of our mothers and grandmothers. Working within this context, woman artists often had to find innovative ways to make themselves heard. Some, like Anni Albers, who were relegated by a male dominated artwolrd to traditionally female artforms such as textiles and collage, nevertheless managed to make profound statements within their confined context. Others, like Louise Nevelson, rejected their fluffy and delicate pigeonhole and made heavy, muscular sculpture. Highlights abound. They include Carol Rama’s spectral eye collage “Spurting Out” from 1967, Helen Frankenthaler’s black stain abstraction “Tojan Gates” from 1955 and Dorothy Dehner’s “Encounter”, a series of eerily graceful totem poles. Here is Eva Hesse’s “Untitled” work from 1966, a chilling statement on female violence and distress. At MOMA through August 13.

It is hard to imagine how radically confrontational political art of the 1960s really was. In post-war Europe, a staid art consuming public was just about to get their heads around Dada, Fluxus, Abstract Expressionism, Gutai or Arte Povera, when the turmoil of the streets, fuelled by the war in Vietnam and an emerging radical feminism, was demanding a greater involvement by artists. Enter Jörg Immendorff, a talented disciple of Joseph Beuys and fertile ground for a radicalization of art that targeted a stale and consumer-driven bourgeoisie, demanded answers from what exactly their parents were doing during the war and an early precursor to the break-down between high and low art. In the 1960s Immendorff took on the political and bourgeois establishment with a series of works and disruptive political performances roughly grouped around his made-up concept of LIDL, a fictitious confab which he derived from the sound poetry of Dada. Michael Werner is currently showing some of the late artist’s drawings, sculpture and recordings of his performance work that includes his seminal LIDL Stadt, a detailed blueprint for a utopian city seeking to upend traditional Capitalist-based architecture and urban planning which encompasses a LIDL-Academy, LIDL-Sport Arena, and a Film House among other things. At Michael Werner through May 13.

Just like Gerhard Richter’s Candle, you can feel the heat emanating from the 16-foot glazed ceramic wall at Lehmann Maupin’s downtown outpost. Teresita Fernández has unleashed a nocturnal inferno in form of a wall panel constructed from hundreds of tiny mosaic tiles framed by scorched paper works and charcoal drawings on the side walls. The fire is an American one: colossal, uncompromising and all-engulfing. Fernández is pre-occupied with the American landscape, specifically how history has shaped its contours and vice versa. The American landscape, of course, is a Native American story; fire has historically been one of the main roles in determining the diversity of its ecosystem. Contrary to Western myths and interpretation of history, Native Americans had dramatically altered the vast American landscape through systematic vegetation and intentional burning long before the first white man set foot on the Continent. The idea of the uncultivated native leaving a virgin land to be conquered is a false historical narrative that prevails until today. Materially and conceptually, Fernández is attempting to correct that myth. At Lehmann Maupin through May 20.

No one writes cards anymore. Except, that is, the artist Keith A. Smith. For the past five decades, the artist has been trying to stay in touch with exquisitely handmade cards. Smith uses collage, painting, drawing, embroidery, and printmaking on the 5 x 7 postcard format to remind people that not everything needs to fit into the 140-character format and that sending a handcrafted message is a special kind of friendship and affection. Humorous, lyrical and sometimes anxious, Smith’s missives are mini-artworks that only require a postage stamp and elicit an emotional response no e-mail can ever replace. At Bruce Silverstein through May 6.

The twenty-one electrifying collages by the late artist Romare Bearden, currently on view at DC Moore, were initially conceived as story boards for an Alvin Ailey ballet in the late 1970s. In the series, Bearden, who had worked with Ailey before, triumphantly captures the spirt and spirituality of the ancestral African American experience of the Louisiana Bayou. “Bayou Fever” vividly animates Voodoo rituals, Afro-Christian ceremonies, lush plant life, textiles, and jazz music that seem to coalesce around a series of strong female anchors. It is apparent that Bearden owes a large debt to Picasso, Matisse and his mentor, the German Weimar artist George Grosz. It is, however, Bearden’s unique mastery of fusing cubist composition, storytelling, folk art and surrealism into virtuoso collages that elevates his work into a category all by himself. At DC Moore through April 29.

Leonhard Hurzlmeier’s women are active, funny, and absurd creatures who are made of geometric shapes and live amid a background of solid color. They bike, do yoga, spy, protest or play hockey. Hurzlmeier brilliantly retains an illusion of three-dimensionality and movement through a keen grasp on form, color, and light. The limited color palette and simplicity of forms belie the artist’s complicated moda operandi: Hurzlmeier’s meticulously crafted oil paintings are in fact complicated, layered compositions of a limited number of fixed geometric forms that gradually morph into human bodies in motion. At Rachel Uffner through April 23.

Sputterances is a delightful paintings exhibition organized around a poem by René Daniëls of the same name. Sputterances are hybrids between an utterance and a sputter. For visual artists that signals the struggle of negotiating the spontaneity of an idea with the technical difficulties of execution, brilliantly visualized in works like Allison Katz’ Elf-Esteem, where a naughty pixie dog-whistles at a female nude; or Amelie von Wulffen’s more sinister Untitled work from 2016 in which bugs rule a haunted house; or Milton Avery’s Mother’s Boy from 1944, where a mother struggles from underneath the weight of her oversized son. Beautifully organized by the distinguished artist Sanya Kantarovsky, the paintings invite to linger and admire a range of exemplary painting practices from a diverse group of accomplished artists. Here is Charlene von Heyl’s vibrant harvest painting Untitled from 1992. At Metro Pictures through April 22.

Olafur Eliasson makes shiny, beautiful things. Rainbow Bridge, currently on view at Tanya Bonakdar, is a meticulously executed series of crystal spheres mounted on metal rods at eye-level height that change color as one walks around them. The work delights in artistry, symmetry and elegance and would be a fantastic addition for a Miami condo lobby or the beach pad of a hedge fund manager. Eliasson likes to work with illusion as it relates to space and light perception. His larger installation in the back gallery invites the viewer to step into giant half rings which employs vast mirrors to create the semblance of infinite looping hoops. If the main idea is to awe, it succeeds. At Tanya Bonakdar through April 22.

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